Lesson Plans

Analyzing the Exit of Private Prisons: Now What?

The Fox Reentry Center is one of CoreCivic's four halfway houses still operating in Denver. Image by Ali Budner / 91.5 KRCC. United States, undated.

The Fox Reentry Center is one of CoreCivic's four halfway houses still operating in Denver. Image by Ali Budner / 91.5 KRCC. United States, undated.

Printable PDFs/Word Documents for this Lesson:


By the end of this lesson, students will be able to... 

  • Analyze the causes and effects of the private prison industry leaving community corrections services
  • Engage with both sides of a timely nationwide debate on whether private companies should be involved with correctional services
  • Form arguments based on facts presented in the reporting to debate the role of private industry in incarceration


1. Prisons, and other correctional institutions, are in every state and in many communities around the country. Who runs them?

  • Who pays for them?
  • Is it the same everywhere? 

2.This lesson centers around a debate about which entities (private companies or public institutions like the government) control these institutions. 

  • What are the main differences between those entities?
  • What are the main similarities?
  • What predictions can you make about the different ways that those two types of organizations would run a prison?

3. This lesson explores the lives that people lead when they’re released from prison.

  • What do you think happens when they are released?
  • Where do they go?

4. Without looking up the definition, what do you think is a halfway house?

  • What purpose do you think it serves?
  • Who do you think lives in them?
  • Who runs them?

Introducing the Lesson:

Amid nationwide debate on government use of private companies to run prisons and other correctional services, the public media stations of the Mountain West News Bureau collaborated on the Pulitzer Center project Private Prisons: Locking Down the Facts. They investigated the efficacy and morality of this industry for employees, inmates, as well as the economies of the small towns that often house them.

The news article “Denver Didn't Want The Private Prison Industry To Run Its Halfway Houses. Now Who's Going To Do It?” by Ali Bunder takes students to Denver, Colorado right after the City Council voted to terminate contracts with private corrections firms GEO Group and CoreCivic. In this lesson, students grapple with the same questions which now face the city: How can the city adequately provide services to newly released inmates? What should the role of private companies be in state correctional policies? Can companies prioritize residents’ welfare over profit? 

Here is a list of vocabulary that might be useful for this lesson:

Introducing the Resources: 

Read “Denver Didn't Want The Private Prison Industry To Run Its Halfway Houses. Now Who's Going To Do It?” by Ali Bunder and answer the following questions as you read. Be ready to share your answers with the class.

  1. Why did the issue of privately run halfway houses catch Councilwoman CdeBaca’s attention “right away” upon her election?
  2. What are her arguments for terminating the city’s contracts with GEO Group and CoreCivic?
  3. What questions arose after the contracts were terminated?
  4. Explain the financial problem facing the city as a result of the decision.
  5. What are the conditions like in the city’s privately run halfway houses?
    • According to CoreCivic staff member Shannon Carst?
    • According to Councilwoman CdeBaca?
  6. Does the author provide all the answers to the questions they raised in the text? What is left uncertain?

Discussion Questions: 

Discuss the following questions with the rest of the class: 

  1. Greg Mauro, the director of the city’s Community Corrections Division, said that the Council’s decision was like “to kind of jump out of a plane without a parachute.” What do you think he means by that?
  2. Councilwoman CdeBaca says that “companies like CoreCivic don’t have true rehabilitation at the heart of their business model.” Do you agree? Why or why not? 
  3. She also asserts that there is a difference between “simply a private entity and a multi-billion dollar corporation.” What could this difference be?

    • Do you agree that the distinction is important?

  4. Based on what you read, do you think that former inmates are better or worse off than before the Council’s decision? 
    • Why or why not? Refer to quotes from the reporting in your answer. 
  5. Ms. Carst refers author Ali Bunder “back to public affairs” after she asks about how the company can both make money and encourage people not to return to prison. 
    • What is “public affairs”? What do they do?
    • What answer do they give the author?
  6. Denver will end its relationship to CoreCivic — who do you think should “fill the gap”?
    • The government? Another similar company? A smaller one?
    • Why?

Extension Activities: 

Option 1: In-class debate

In groups, students are assigned to two sides of the private corrections debate—either in support of the usefulness and necessity of private companies contracted for corrections or in opposition to their use.

At home, conduct research in order to form arguments in support of your assigned position in anticipation of a class-wide debate on the issue where each side tries to persuade the other side to switch positions. 

Note to educators: some sample in-class debate moderation techniques and structures can be found here and here.

Option 2: Research project

The reporters on this project, who are based in Colorado Springs, CO, conducted some of their reporting using public information available about how correctional services are run. Undertake a similar research project in your own communities by following these steps:

Step 1: Look at state and local laws and contracts given to private companies in the different aspects of correctional work as described in the article. You can find this information on your state government or state correctional board’s website. 

Step 2: Explore publicly-available information on these companies’ websites and in other news outlets about their work.

Step 3: Investigate ways that members of your community may have been impacted by these contracts.

Step 4: Write a research paper, or, based on your findings, write letters to representatives or conduct a social media campaign to publicize your research and how you feel about it to persuade elected officials to share your view


Educator Notes: 

 Common Core Standards: 


Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.


Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness or beauty of the text.


Come to discussions prepared, having read and researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence from texts and other research on the topic or issue to stimulate a thoughtful, well-reasoned exchange of ideas.

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