About 13 percent of South Africa is still held as communal land. International mining houses often cut deals with leaders of these lands to get access for new operations.
Eschewing public consultation, the ministers of the environment and mining in South Africa sign a deal to allow coal mining in a legally protected environment.
Delegates from mining communities across the globe met in Cape Town to discuss their grievances and protest the international mining industry.
International factors are squeezing South African coal miners, leading to smaller profit margins and a corresponding shift to junior miners that often abandon mines.
As Africa's largest utility shifts its policies and the world slowly moves toward renewables, South Africa's coal mines are increasingly abandoned.
The cost of attending university has been increasing around 10 percent annually in South Africa, and students and their families are finding it difficult to keep up.
They called him "Bazooka" after his favorite soccer star. But Bazooka is dead because his real passion was protecting the coast of his native Pondoland from a huge titanium mining project.
Brought to informal settlements among coal piles and coal-fired power stations by the possibility of employment, residents in Mpumalanga face the constant complications surrounding relocation.
Pulitzer Center launches its newest e-book: To End Aids featuring stories, photographs and video by our grantees. Also included: a timeline, interactive maps, a glossary, and resources.
South Africa has historically failed to properly regulate closure of the mines that helped build its economy. These photos chronicle the country's attempt to play catch up.
Communal land rights often hamper South Africans' claims to the profits from some regions. In the villages around Xolobeni in the Eastern Cape, this battle continues over a proposed titanium mine.
Abandoned mines, a shrinking minerals extraction workforce and traditional practices combine to produce small-scale miners in South Africa.